NETWORKS AND COLLABORATIVE PROJECTS

Québec-Océan particularly supports collaborative research projects bringing together several research members.

CHONe II (Canadian Healthy Ocean Network II)

Strategic Network funded by NSERC, Fisheries and Oceans and INREST, from 2015 to 2020
The network’s objectives are to analyse ecological benefits of different management actions on seabed (Marine Protected Areas, Sensitive Benthic Areas, gear restriction, seasonal/fisheries closures) and the efficacy of those efforts, in light of cumulative drivers and the global change on going in oceans.
  • Leader  of the 2 projects “Indicators of benthic condition at the Gulf-scale: megabenthic community structure” and  “Indicators at the bay-scale: Coastal stressors and macrobenthic community structure”: Dr Philippe Archambault (UQAR-ISMER)
  • Project leader of “Biogeochemical signatures of ecosystem stress and resilience: nutrient cycles and lipid flow”: Dr Jean-Éric Tremblay (U. Laval)

Notre Golfe

Research project “Appui aux Réseaux d’Innovation” funded by FRQNT, from 2015 to 2018
The network aims to improve knowledge of the natural and socio-economic system of the St. Lawrence Gulf, to promote its sustainable management. Our Gulf brings together 20 researchers in oceanic and social sciences from universities and research centers in Quebec.

BaySys – Contributions of climate change and hydro-electric regulation to the variability and change of freshwater-marine coupling in the Hudson Bay System


Collaborative Research and Development Project, funded by NSERC from 2015 to 2020
This project will study the role that freshwater plays in the Hudson Bay marine and coastal systems. It will provide a scientific basis to separate the relative effects of climate change from those of hydroelectric regulation of freshwater on changing physical, biological and biogeochemical conditions in Hudson Bay. This research will inform decision-making by Manitoba Hydro with respect to existing infrastructure operations and planning for future development on the lower Nelson River in Northern Manitoba.

Green Edge - Biological Productivity in the Arctic Ocean: past, present and future

Research Project funded by ANR and CNES from 2014 to 2018
The general objective of this project is to better understand the dynamics of the phytoplankton spring bloom and determine its role in the Arctic Ocean of tomorrow. Impacts of this bloom on the Arctic trophic web, biodiversity and indigenous human populations will also be studied.

ArcticNet

Network of Centresof Excellence (NCE) funded by the NCE secretariat from 2011 to 2018 
The objective of ArcticNet is to study the impacts of climate change and modernization in the coastal Canadian Arctic. Québec-Océan is a close partner of this network with its research projects (11 in 2011), technical team and scientific management of the Amundsen.

Scientific Director: Dr Louis Fortier (U. Laval)

Production and consumption of krill in the Gulf of St. Lawrence: toward an ecosystem-based stock assessment

Strategic project funded by NSERC and Neptune Biotechnologies, from 2013 to 2016
The prime objective of this project is to examine the ecological resilience of the krill stocks in the St. Lawrence system prior to human exploitation. A combined effort of university and government researchers and an industrial partner will provide new understanding of biological processes and population dynamics of two sympatric krill species, through a complementary approach including field observations, laboratory experiments and modelling. The project will then go beyond the descriptive level and will provide an integrated tool for fact based management decisions.

VITALS (Ventilation, Interactions and Transports across the Labrador Sea)

CCAR Research network funded by NSERC from 2013 to 2018
The VITALS research network will answer fundamental questions about how the deep ocean exchanges carbon dioxide, oxygen, and heat with the atmosphere through the Labrador Sea. VITALS is a pan-Canadian initiative involving scientists from universities, federal government laboratories (Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Environment Canada), industrial and foreign partners.

NETCARE (Network on Climate and Aerosols)

CCAR Research Network funded by NSERC from 2013 to 2018  
NETCARE is focused on specific aerosol-climate connections, in order to better setsimulations of atmospheric processes and climate. This network connects researchers from several Canadian universities and five partner institutions from Canada (Environment Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada) as well from Germany (Alfred Wegener Institute, Max Planck Institute, Johannes Gutenberg University).

St-Lawrence acidification: biochemistry, plankton and climate

Team project funded by FRQNT, from 2012 to 2015 
This project aims to understand processes and impacts of acidification, in relation to temperature, on the phytoplankton of the St-Lawrence estuary. Data were collected during an oceanographic mission onboard the Coriolis II, and using experiments in mesocosms. The team includes researchers from Laval and McGill universities, from UQAR-ISMER and INRS-ETE, and from the Maurice-Lamontagne Institute (Fisheries and Oceans, Canada).

MEOPAR (Marine Environmental Observation Prediction and Response Network)

Network of Centers Excellence funded by NCE, from 2012 to 2017 
MEOPAR is working to help reduce Canada’s vulnerability and exposure to hazards and improve responses to marine emergencies. This is achieved through both partnerships with organizations including Academia, governments, industries, non-governmental organizations, and coastal communities.

TAKUVIK

Joint U. Laval CNRS laboratory, from 2011 to 2018 
The TAKUVIK program is designed to study both the ocean and the land ecosystem and their interactions in the Canadian Arctic. An observatory based on new remote sensing techniques will be set up while diagnostic and predictive models will be developed, validated and used to determine the impact of environmental change on carbon fluxes in Arctic ecosystems.

CAISN II (Canadian Aquatic Invasive Species Network)

Strategic network funded by NSERC from 2011 to 2016 
Several senior members of Québec-Océan (3) are involved in the network and study how invasive species settle and proliferate in Prince Edward Island and the St. Lawrence Estuary.

CFRN (Canadian Fisheries Research Network)

Strategic network funded by NSERC from 2011 to 2016 
The vision of the network is to reconfigure fisheries research conducted in Canada by bringing together members of industry, academia and government around research priorities, and linking to existing research so it is useful to industry and managers.

Enhancing the Canadian METAREAS operational coupled ocean-ice-atmosphere analysis and forecasting system for fine-scale applications in the Beaufort Sea

Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada from 2011 to 2015 
The objective is to develop and implement an operational coupled ocean-wave-ice-atmosphere (OWIA) prediction system for short-term forecasting in the Beaufort Sea (BS). Specifically, we will improve the representation of fine-scale features in data assimilation and forecast systems, and improve the short-term forecast skill by including high-latitude coupled processes in OWIA models.

OTN (Ocean Tracking Network)

Strategic network funded by NSERC from 2009 to 2015 
Applying satellite detection technologies to three Canadian oceans, the network aims to revolutionize the way that oceans are observed and understood, ultimately making it possible to respond to problems in the fishing industry and resource management. Two senior members of Québec-Océan are involved in a project on eel in the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence.